Comprehensive Measures to Accelerate Reforms (summary)
October 30, 2002
In response to the recent growing uncertainty concerning the nation's financial and economic conditions, the Government of Japan has decided to reinforce its policy measures to bring greater stability to the financial system by working for the rapid recovery of financial intermediary functions via accelerating the disposal of non-performing loans, facilitating the smooth reallocation of resources to new growth fields, and striving to realize a rapid recovery of Japan's finance and industry.
The Government will accelerate structural reforms via the four main pillars of "financial system reform", "tax reform," "regulatory reform," and "reform of the Government spending;" strengthen its efforts toward the revitalization of the Japanese economy; and aim at the realization of self-sustaining economic growth led by private-sector demand while overcoming deflation. The Government will make every possible effort to reinforce the nation's employment and small- and medium-sized enterprise (SME) safety nets, making best use of policies taken by local governments, to minimize the harmful effects from accelerating non-performing loan disposal.
To these ends, the Government will rapidly prepare concrete formats for the implementation of the following policy measures; implement these measures in a comprehensive manner through integrating the administration of the FY 2002 budget and the compilation of the FY 2003 budget; and continue to examine additional measures as required to further utilize and reinforce Japan's employment and SME safety nets, considering the prospects of tax revenue. The Government will continue to implement bold and flexible policy administration in accordance with future financial and economic conditions.
The Government of Japan will work in one with the Bank of Japan in taking strong and comprehensive measures towards overcoming deflation. The policy announced by the Bank of Japan today has been decided as part of these measures.
I. Revitalization of Finance and Industry
|1.||Policies to Accelerate the Disposal of Non-performing Loans|
(1) New framework of financial system
(2) New framework of financial administration
|2.||Immediate Actions to Revitalize Industry and Enterprises|
(1) Promote the sale of non-performing loans to the Resolution and Collection Corporation
(2) Revitalize industry and enterprises as quickly as possible.
(3) Support entrepreneurship and new business start-ups
- Establish "Headquarter for Strategy of Revitalization of Industry and Enterprises and Employment"(tentative name). Draft "Basic Guideline" for reorganization and rapid revival of industry
- Establish the 'Institution for Industrial Revival'<tentative name>
- Support the reallocation of management resources via a radical revision of the Law on Special Measures for Industrial Revitalization (the "Industrial Revitalization Law") that will promote business restructuring, industrial reorganization, M&A activities, etc.
- Expand and provide support to the corporate reconstruction funds.
- Expedite and rationalize procedures via revisions to the Corporate Reorganization Law and the Civil Rehabilitation Law.
- Establish special exceptions to the minimum capital requirements, and ease the requirements for business organizations that do not have the minimum capital.
- Revise the Limited Partnership Law for Venture Capital Investment, and make greater use of project finance, etc.
- Establish a system of uncollateralized financing to support the creation of new business fields (Shoko Chukin Bank).
- Promote research and development and commercialization activities through integrated efforts by industry, academia, and government.
II. Strategy to Accelerate Structural Reform toward Economic Revitalization
|1.||Advance Tax Reform toward Vibrant and Sustainable Socioeconomic Conditions|
(1) Corporate tax
- Considering the present economic conditions, under the framework of revenue-neutral tax policy over multiple fiscal years, the Government will carry out advanced implementation of the deepest tax cuts possible in excess of \1 trillion. With regard to tax reduction, the following themes should be examined.
(2) Inheritance tax and gift tax
- Implement tax reductions for research and development activities and for IT investment etc. Continue examination of the appropriate corporate tax rate, considering the macroeconomic conditions, the practices in other countries, and the ideal overall tax structure.
(3) Housing tax
- Integrate the inheritance tax and gift tax systems. Decrease the maximum inheritance tax rate.
(4) Land, financial, securities, and SME tax systems
- Investigate the expansion of special exemption of gift tax associated with purchasing houses (including repairing)
- Promote effective land use through measures such as urban renaissance projects, and simplify tax assessments. Revise these tax systems to promote shifts from savings to investment.
|2.||Revitalize the Securities and Real Estate Markets Aiming for Contributing to Overcome Asset Deflation|
(1) Promote the structural reform of securities markets
(2) Land, financial, and securities tax systems (aforementioned)
- Promptly and steadily implement the "New Comprehensive Program for Promoting Securities Markets Reform" (released this August).
(3) Promote greater real estate market liquidity, etc.
- Encourage wider adoption of securitized real estate products(J-REIT etc)
- Facilitate the reconstruction of condominium buildings by rationalizing the conditions imposed by the Unit Ownership of Buildings Law. Implement deregulation to support the conversion of existing office buildings to those for residential use.
|3.||Promote Urban Renaissance Projects to Induce Private-sector Investment and Consumption|
(1) Designate priority urban redevelopment areas and provide project support
(2) Capitalize on urban renaissance projects, etc.
- Designate priority urban redevelopment areas (44 areas, with private-sector investment of over \7 trillion and an estimated economic ripple effect of approximately \20 trillion). Conduct examinations on designating additional areas, and urgently provide intensive and prioritized support.
- Urgently develop roads designated in the City Planning Law through additions to the road construction list with "announced completion periods." Develop such roads in a flexible and intensive manner in line with the timing of superior private-sector urban development projects through greater flexibility in approving urban development project districts.
- Conduct additional expansions to Haneda Airport. Approve regular international flights, urgently develop loop roads, and bury electrical and other utilities lines underground.
- Support urban renaissance efforts nationwide toward the revitalization of regional economies and communities based on "Emergency Measures for Nationwide Urban Renaissance - from Wakkanai to Ishigaki."
|4.||Accelerate Regulatory Reform to Stimulate Latent Demand|
(1) Rapidly designate and enrich Special Zones for Structural Reform
(2) Implement additional regulatory reform measures, focusing on areas with strong public sector involvement.
- Work toward the rapid passage of "Law on the Special Zones for Structural Reform" <tentative name> which includes 93 special policy items, based on the "Special Zones for Structural Reform Promotion Program." Call for the second round proposals until January 2003.
- With regard to 111 items of regulatory reform that were decided to be implemented nationwide in discussions on the Special Zones for Structural Reform, implement these within the prescribed time periods.
- Advance the outsourcing of public services at the national and local levels.
III. Upgrade the Safety Nets
|1.||Advance Employment Measures|
(1) Respond to the acceleration of non-performing loan disposal
(2) Create new employment opportunities
- Establish the Special Fund for Employment Support Accompanying NPL Disposal <tentative name>, hold consultations at various locations, etc.
- Create and revise various subsidy measures to support re-employment.
(3) Support private-sector efforts to adjust the labor supply-demand balance, and to create more diverse employment formats
- Utilize the "Emergency Regional Employment Creation Special Grants Works," effectively.
- Utilize Green Employment Program contributing to the promotion of migration to rural areas
- Establish a system of "Special Subsidies for Works Providing Employment to Regional Middle-aged and Elderly Workers" <tentative name>.
(4) Revise the employment insurance system
- Ease regulations in relation to activities of charged employment agencies such as the cap on fees. Conduct free-of-charge employment consultation by local governments.
- Expand the fields for which temporary employment agencies are permitted to dispatch workers (to include manufacturing of goods) and extend the maximum period (currently, one year in principle) for the dispatch of temporary workers.
- Expand the maximum length of fixed-term employment contracts, and expand the range of specialists that may be employed under such contracts.
(5) Give greater consideration to workers who lose their jobs
- Ease the eligibility requirements for loans to cover living expenses.
- Actively utilize the emergency scholarship system for the dependents of parents and guardians who become unemployed or suffer other sudden changes in their household revenues.
- Steadily implement the system for changing the terms on Housing Loan Corporation loans for borrowers who face repayment difficulties due to unemployment, etc.
|2.||Advance Measures for SMEs|
(1) Sufficient considerations for lending to SMEs
(2) Expand the safety net loans, guarantees, etc.
1) Positively utilize policy finance measures
2) Expand credit guarantees
- Raise the maximum limits under the "credit crunch uncollateralized financing system."
- Include SMEs being restructured under the private-sector adjustment guidelines in the DIP finance target group.
- Ease the third-party guarantor requirements for small-scale enterprises in the DIP finance target group.
(3) Special considerations for SMEs depending on subcontracting network
- Provide additional safety net guarantees for SMEs that still have a potential for revival and that are suffering from reduced financing because of the restructuring of regional financial institutions, or whose credits have been transferred to the Resolution and Collection Corporation (RCC), or that are being revived under the Civil Rehabilitation Law, etc. (SMEs with DIP guarantees).
- Expand the range of safety net debt guarantees for SMEs and middle-echelon subcontractors in construction industry.
(4) Establish "Headquarter for Strategy of Revitalization of Industry and Enterprises and Employment"(tentative name).(aforementioned)
|3.||Actively Utilize Policy Finance During the Period of Intensive Disposal of Non-performing Loans|
During the period of intensive disposal of non-performing loans, policy finance is actively utilized in such areas as improving safety-net, revival of enterprises, revival and progress of financial system for the maximum facilitation of SMEs financing, while giving consideration to ensure that the market mechanism plays its due role to utmost extent. In this respect, the Council of Economic and Fiscal Policy will continue investigation on the roles that policy finance should play in line with "The Basic Framework on Radical Reform of Policy Finance." The outcome is expected to be finalized by the end of this year.